Medical Journal of The Islamic Republic of Iran (MJIRI)
Iran University of Medical Sciences
Methods: This was a descriptive-analytic study, in which statistical records of the Ministry of Health and Medical Education for 2017 and the Population and Housing Report of 2016 of the Statistical Centre of Iran were used. The main variables studied were number of burn beds and number of general surgeons and plastic surgeons in medical universities in the provinces of Iran. Inequality in the distribution of these variables was evaluated using the Gini coefficient and the Lorenz curve. Excel 2010 software was used for data analysis.
Results: In 55% of the provinces, the number of beds per capita for 100 000 population was lower than the average of Iran (1.26 beds of burn ward), and in 45% of the provinces, it was higher than the average of Iran in terms of this index. The results showed that burn beds were distributed unevenly in medical universities (G=0.42). However, the provincial distribution of these beds had a favorable condition (G=0.21). Also, the numerical value of the Gini coefficient showed the alert status in the distribution of specialist physicians based on the university distribution (G=0.51).
Conclusion: Although solving the problems related to equality in the distribution of health resources is not an easy task, assessing this issue has a great impact on improving the policymaking procedures and allocating the health system resources. For the first time, this study presented some policies to avoid centralization and prevent some metropolitan cities from turning into cities with limited burn facilities through a comprehensive reviewing of the distribution of the main sources needed by the Iranian burn patients.
Keywords: Inequality in health, Burn facilities, Hospital, Gini coefficient, Lorenz curve